骨質疏鬆症 osteoporosis

Loss of bone

The osteoporosis condition can be present without any symptoms for decades, because osteoporosis doesn't cause symptoms unless bone fractures.Osteoporosis would cause decline in bone density. Bones become fragile and vulnerable to fractures, resulting in pain and other complications.

High risk group

  • Female gender
  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Lack of exercise
  • Low calcium diet
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hyperthyroidism

Osteoporosis FAQ

Do men suffer from osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is the result of prolonged bone loss, leading to fragile bones and an increased risk of fractures in the elderly. Although men have more androgens that help maintain bone density, they may also suffer from osteoporosis when the androgen level declines as they age.

How to know if I have osteoporosis?

If you are a part of the high-risk group and suspect that you have osteoporosis, you may seek professional advice and conduct an early examination. Common body density tests are as follows:
  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA):
    The scan can accurately measure the bone density in specific body parts to diagnose osteoporosis and monitor the effectiveness of treatments in a fast and safe manner.
  • Ultrasound:
    A non-radioactive scan that can measure and analyse the bone density of people of all ages.

Treatment of osteoporosis

  • Medical therapy: Actonel, ibandronate, teriparatide.
  • Physiotherapy: Physiotherapy: Use electrical muscle stimulators at home to relax tight tendons and alleviate pain.
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