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Introduction

Neck pain can be the consequence of a number of disorders. Symptoms can range from occasional dull aching to chronic, severe neck pain that effects your daily quality of life. The cause of your neck pain could be something minor, such as a muscle spasm, but could also indicate something more severe. Left unchecked, current symptoms may worsen and new symptoms may develop. Common causes of neck pain are prolonged periods of poor posture, inflammation of the muscles and tendons of the neck and degeneration.

Neck pain introduction

Neck pain is a common complaint among office workers or people who are required to do repetitive neck movements. These activities can lead to mechanical joint dysfunction, high muscle tension, abnormal pressure on the joints of the neck and upper back and muscle imbalances. Early treatment of neck pain can help prevent this becoming a chronic condition and leading to more serious symptoms such as numbness and weakness of the arms. Neck pain is often the result of benign conditions but can be associated with more serious medical conditions.

Treatments:

Treatment of simple neck pain should focus on correcting underlying causes and restoring proper joint and muscle function to the cervical spine. Sometimes neck pain is caused by pain referral from other parts of the body, commonly the upper back, shoulder and jaw, so other parts of the body may be evaluated during the course of treatment.

頸椎錯位會出現的症狀

通常頸痛由肩膊開始感到隱隱作痛,然後痛楚延伸到頸的位置。如果有頸椎錯位患者會感到頭痛;手臂亦可能會感到繃緊,肌肉僵硬;如果有骨刺增生,會影響神經系統,引致手麻痺和軟弱無力。有部分人甚至會感到眩暈、對光敏感或耳鳴等。

脊醫如何醫治頸痛?

脊醫會先透過X光查出頸痛的成因,如頸椎錯位等,再透過手法,利用生物力學的槓桿原理,將錯位的脊骨矯正,把頸椎復位,以及超聲波治療增加血液循環,痛楚感覺應可消除。每個個案的治療所需時間不同,一般情況兩至三個星期。

一般而言,脊醫都不會用藥去治療頸痛,因為研究顯示脊醫矯正能夠有效紓解脖子部位潛伏病變導致的頭痛,療效比藥物止痛來得明顯和持久。

不過就算療程完成後,亦要注意良好姿勢,否則仍會復發,建議每半年檢查脊椎一次。

頸椎退化越來越年輕化

長時間低頭或頭部過分向前傾地使用智能電子產品,是導致年輕人頸椎退化的主因。過往頸椎毛病僅出現於經常使用電腦工作的上班族,但近年智能產品流行,學生機不離手,令頸椎退化趨年輕化。

頸椎自我檢測 - 如何知道自己有否頸椎錯位

除了透過X光的檢驗,得知是否頸椎錯位、頸椎退化,也可從日常生活中觀察。良好正確的姿勢是指整條脊骨維持在一個平衡狀態。站立時,從側面看,由耳朵、肩膀到髖關節可呈一直線;如果頸椎退化,頸椎位置會向前傾。

另一個初步檢查的方法是,先抬頭,眼睛向上望,如果頸背感到痛楚或有骨凸出,宜就醫作詳細檢查。